The tiger is one of the largest and most awesome predators in the world. This species undoubtedly fascinates every eye it meets. Tiger is solitary and territorial and the territory of an adult male may encompass territories of two to seven females. It is carnivorous and hunts for prey primarily by sight and sound.
The tiger is a powerful icon of India’s cultural and natural heritage, and its survival has been a top priority for India. WWF-India’s efforts to save the tiger began in the early 1970s with the vital support it provided towards Project Tiger – the first-ever tiger conservation program launched by the Government of India in 1973.
Why should we save Tigers?
A home for tigers = a home for others
If we make sure tigers live, we have to make sure that deer, antelope, and all other animals that the tiger eats live. To make sure that these herbivores live, we must make sure that all the trees, grass and other plants that these prey animals need for food are protected. It is a top predator which is at the apex of the food chain and keeps the population of wild ungulates in check, thereby maintaining the balance between prey herbivores and the vegetation upon which they feed. In this way, the whole forest gets saved!
Saving the tiger means saving its entire forest kingdom with all the other animals in it.
Healthy tiger populations = healthy ecosystems
For e.g. when the Dodos went extinct in Mauritius, one species of Acacia tree stopped regenerating completely. So when a species goes extinct, it leaves behind a scar, which affects the entire ecosystem. Another reason why we need to save the tiger is that our forests are water catchment areas.
Only 3890 Tigers Remains Globally
Now, this big cat is being trapped, skinned, and pushed out of its home. And yet it clings to survival, barely, in a few patches of forest scattered across Asia.
Based on a data from IUCN Red List of Threatened Species and national tiger surveys, the number of tigers globally has reduced to 3890 in 2016, there were only 2226 tigers left in the wild in India.
Therefore, it’s not just about saving a beautiful animal. It is about making sure that we live a little longer as the forests are known to provide ecological services like clean air, water, pollination, temperature regulation etc.
That’s enough of a reason to give this species a fighting chance to make it into the next decade.
Mr. Abhishek Sindal has created Story Map using Esri mapping technology to bring awareness about various projects running globally to motivate and encourage people to same tigers.
The story map will give you information about the Tigers, Tiger reserves of India, Save Tigers Now – A Global Campaign, Project Tiger – An Initiative by Govt of India.
Sources: Save Tigers, WWF, LDF, WWF-India